Course Details

Doctor of Philosophy [PhD]

The Ph.D. programme at SMU started during the year 2001 in a very gradual manner due to lack of guides in the university and in the State of Sikkim. It has now stabilized and the University has awarded eight Ph.D. degrees so far. However, more than seventy candidates are presently registered for Ph.D. in the University and are at various stages of their work. There are 35 faculty members in the University with Ph.D. and 45 with MD who are eligible for guiding Ph.D. research work. There are some more professors available in the adjoining areas since six more universities have come up in the State including a Central University. The SMU Ph.D. programme is modeled on the pattern of Ph.D. programmes followed in IITs. Detailed instructions exist in the University for its Ph.D. Programme. The Ph.D awarded by the University is of high standard comparable to that of IITs and is held in high esteem by the environment.

University Grants Commission has issued Guidelines for conduct of Ph.D. programme by universities in the country and has issued instructions that candidates with Ph.D degrees awarded by universities which do not strictly follow the Instructions issued by UGC will not be considered for employment in teaching posts. Though the existing instructions of the University were adequate to ensure high quality research work, however to avoid inconvenience to the candidates, SMU Ph.D. instructions have been modified to conform to the instructions issued by the UGC. The main change is regarding the requirement of conducting an admission test for admitting candidates to the Ph.D. programme. Though the earlier instructions, comprising evaluation of the Ph.D. Protocol and the candidate by two Research Committees, were adequate to ensure that only those candidates who are competent to carry out high quality research and to make positive contribution to knowledge in their chosen field, are allowed to register for Ph.D., an admission test has now been made mandatory for registration for Ph.D. in the University.    

Course conducted by Sikkim Manipal University (SMU)
Campus Sikkim Manipal University, Tadong, Gangtok
Course duration 2-5 years Full Time and 3-8 years Part Time
Number of Seats 20
Last Date of Application 10 November 2014

Eligibility for Registration for Ph.D.

A candidate seeking admission to the Ph.D. Programme of SMU:  
  1. Should have a Master's degree of this University or its equivalent of another recognized university or Institute with a minimum of 55% marks. In case of candidates holding a qualifying degree from foreign universities, registration for the Ph.D. will be confirmed after determination of equivalence by the relevant University body. 
  2. In exceptional cases, a candidate with B.Tech./B.E./ B.Arch./MBBS degree having high first class with experience in relevant field may be considered for registration on the special recommendation of the University Research Committee. Such candidates will be required to complete higher number of credits (24 to 36 credits) as course work compared to 8 to 12 credits for those with postgraduate qualifications. 
  3. Should be recommended by the University Research Committee as well as Dept/Institute Research Protocol Evaluation Committee (RPEC) based on presentation of Research Protocol. 
  4. Foreign students will be required to produce clearance from the Government of India/relevant authorities, for being considered eligible and who have obtained and are holding research visa. 
  5. All candidates except those who have passed UGC/CSIR(JRF)/GATE/SLET  Examination score card / M.Phil qualified will appear for the Ph.D. Entrance Examination conducted by the University. Registration will be confirmed only for those candidates who pass the exam with min 50% marks and those who have passed UGC/CSIR(JRF)/GATE/SLET examination score card/ M.Phil qualified. 
  6. Number of Ph.D. registrations in the University at any given time will not be more than eight times the number of registered guides in the University. The maximum number of Ph.D. candidates to be registered every year will be worked out and notified by the University in Feb/Mar every year.   

Syllabus, Ph.D. Entrance Examination, Research Methodology and Statistics

 UNIT 1:  Meaning of Research

 Meaning, aims, nature and scope of research

 Prerequisites of research

 Types of research: Fundamental or Pure research, Applied research and Action research. 

UNIT 2: Research Problem

Meaning of research problem

Sources of research problem

Characteristics of a good research problem

Hypothesis: Meaning and types of hypothesis.

Research proposal or synopsis.


UNIT 3: Methods of Research Studies

Qualitative research-      Historical studies

Quantitative research-       Descriptive and Experimental


Unit 4:    Review of Related Literature

                Purpose of the review.

                Identification of the related literature.

                Organizing the related literature.

 UNIT 5: Data Collection (Sampling)

Sampling and Population

Techniques of sampling Selection

Characteristics of a good sample

Types of data.


 UNIT 6: Tools of Data Collection

Observation, Interview, Questionnaire, Rating scales, Attitude scales, Schedules,

Characteristics of good research tools. 


UNIT 7:   Descriptive Statistics

  Tabulation, Organization, and Graphical Representation of Quantitative data

                Measures of Central Tendencies: Mean, Median, Mode

   Measures of Variability:  Range, Quartile Deviation, Standard Deviation, and

    Coefficient of variation.


   Normal Probability Distribution:  Properties of normal probability curve, Applications of


   Divergence from Normality:        Skewness and Kurtosis


UNIT 8:   Research Report

  Format of the research report

  Style of writing the report

  References and bibliography

Reference books:

 1. Best John W. and James Kahn, V., 1989, Research in Education, Sixth Edition, Prentice-Hall

    of India Pvt.Ltd, New Delhi.

2. Sharma R.A., 1992, Fundamentals of Educational Research, Loyal Book Depot, Meerut, UP,


3. Kulbir Singh Sidhu, 1990, Methodology of Research in Education, Sterling Publishers Pvt.

    Ltd., New Delhi.

4. Lokesh Koul, 1997 Methodology of educational Research, third edition, Vikas Publishing

    House Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi.

5. Kothari C.R., 1990, Research Methodology Methods and Techniques, Wiley Eastern

    Limited, New Delhi.

6. Borg Walter R., Gall Meridith D., 1983, Educational Research an Introduction, Fourth

    Edition, Longaman, New York &London.

7. Nitko Anthony J., 1983, Educational Tests and Measurement an Introduction, Harcourt Brace

    Jovanovich, Inc., New York.

8. Aggarwal Y.P., 1988, Statistical Methods Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

9. Garret Hnery E., 1985 Statistics in Psychology and Education, Viakils, Feffer and Simon,


10.Guilford, J.P., and Benjamin Fruchter, 1982 Fundamentals of statistics in Psychology and

     Education, Fifth edition, Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, New York.

11.Gupta S.C. and Kapoor V.K., 1999, Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics, Sultan

     Chand& Sons Educational Publishers, New Delhi.

12.Grewal P.S., Methods of Statistics Analysis, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

13.Bruce W. Tuckman, Statistics in Psychology and Education.

Registration for the Ph.D. Programme

  1. Applications from candidates for registration for Ph.D. will be received throughout the year. 
  2. Applications will be submitted in prescribed format and shall state the subject or inter-disciplinary field in which the candidate desires to pursue his research work, and the University department/constituent college where the research work will be carried out. 
  3. Candidates can submit their applications either to the constituent institute or to Registrar SMU.
  4. The Research Protocol Evaluation Committee (RPEC) at each department/institute shall be headed by the Head of Dept/Head of the Institute and have minimum five other senior faculty and external members. The RPEC will meet once in three months and will evaluate all the proposals received during the three month period. Proposals approved by the RPEC will be submitted to the Registrar SMU for processing with the University Committee.
  5. Before applying for registration for Ph.D., the candidates are expected to have selected a research area and done some literature survey. Candidates are also expected to have discussed the proposal with proposed Guide/Head of the Department through which the research work is intended to be carried out.
  6. Each candidate will have a research guide and may have one or more co-guides, especially for research problems of inter-disciplinary nature. Only those candidates who meet the laid down criteria for Ph.D. guides and are registered with the University as Ph.D. guides will be allowed to guide Ph.D. work. Normally, those with Ph.D. and working in the University departments/constituent institutes and meeting the laid down criteria for Ph.D. guides, will be guides/co-guides for candidates registered with the University. In special cases, on recommendation of RPEC, those working in other universities/research organizations may apply for registration as Ph.D. guides. Once registered, they may be permitted to guide Ph.D. work in case they are in a position to effectively supervise the research work. In case a candidate has an external guide, he/she will be required to have an internal co-guide.
  7. Under exceptional circumstances, where the candidate has already achieved eminence in his/her area of work and is involved in high quality research work in his organization, the Vice-Chancellor may, in consultation with the relevant RPEC and University Research Committee, allow a candidate to pursue a  Programme independently that is without having a guide. However, all other instructions contained in these Regulations will apply to such candidates also.
  8. Candidates will apply for admission to the Programme of this University in the prescribed format and submit six copies of the Ph.D. Protocol (Approach Paper) covering the broad areas of interest, motivation for research in the selected area, brief display of knowledge gained and work done in that area, statement of research problem, objectives and methodology of the proposed research. The Protocol shall ordinarily not exceed 5000 words.
  9. Candidate will present the Protocol to Research Protocol Evaluation Committee (RPEC) at the /Department/Institute through which he/she has planned to register.
  10. The RPEC may approve/reject the proposal or suggest some modifications to the proposal. The proposal dully modified/corrected as suggested by RPEC will be submitted to the Registrar SMU, along with the recommendations of RPEC. Names of Guide/Co-guide(s) and their registration numbers with the University (as guides) will be included in the proposal. Where the Guide/Co-guide is not already registered with SMU as Guide/Co-guide, details of the Guide/Co-guide will be submitted as per specified  format for approval of the University.
  11. Registrar will communicate to the candidate the date and time of presentation of Ph.D. Protocol to the University Research Committee.
  12. If University Research Committee is satisfied with the proposal and presentation by the candidate, it will approve the candidate for registration for the Ph.D. Programme subject to his clearing the entrance examination and ratification by the Academic Senate. The Committee shall also approve the proposed Title of Research Work and the appointment of Guide & Co-guide(s) for the candidate.
  13. University Research Committee may suggest modifications to the protocol. In such cases candidates will incorporate all the suggestions made by the committee and resubmit the modified proposal duly signed by the Guide to the Registrar. In case there are major changes suggested, the committee may ask the candidate to present the protocol again after 30 days.
  14.  After the approval from the University Research Committee, provisional Registration Number will be allotted to the candidate.  After the allotment of provisional registration number, the candidate will submit the fees as prescribed by the University.
  15. All candidates provisionally registered, except those who have passed UGC/CSIR or GATE examination will be required to appear for the Ph.D. Entrance Exam and pass it with min 50% marks.  Registration will be confirmed on passing this examination or on submission of UGC/CSIR(JRF)/GATE/SLET  Examination score card/ M.Phil qualified.
  16. The date of approval by the University Research Committee shall be the date of registration of the candidate. In the case of candidates not having a post graduate degree, date of registration will be the date on which they complete the Course Work Credits.
  17. All candidates will be required to complete the specified number of credits for Ph.D. Course Work within six months (one year for Part Time candidates) of provisional registration.
  18. The Programme shall be carried out in the University Department or in a constituent college or in a Research Institutes recognized by the university for the purpose. If the research programme requires utilization of facilities outside the University, the candidate may avail of such facilities on recommendation of the guide and approval of the University. The Depts/Constituent institutes through which the candidates register, will constitute a separate Research Progress Committee (RPC) for each candidate. The research work of the candidate will be monitored by this committee till the candidate completes his Ph.D..
  19. A candidate may pursue part of his  work in another University/Institution where suitable research facilities are available in the candidate‟s area of research, with the recommendation of the Guide and RPC. However, every candidate shall work under the direct supervision of the guide for a minimum period of 180 working days during the period of his research work. For candidates carrying out research work in other universities/research organizations, in addition to Internal guide(s), there will be external supervisor(s), approved by the University, who will supervise the candidate‟s research work in that organization.
  20. Whenever University faculty members have research grants, with provision for selecting the research students, the faculty members holding that grant will select the candidates who have passed UGC/CSIR(JRF)/GATE/SLET  examination score card/ M.Phil qualified after evaluating the suitability of the candidates. In case such candidates are not available then test and interview will be held under the arrangements of the University as in the normal cases. Rest of the procedure will be as outlined in these Regulations.
  21. The title of the research problem may be modified, if necessary, by the candidate on recommendation of Guide and approval of the University Research Committee. However, such modification will not be permitted after submission of the Pre-synopsis Approval Report (vide Clause 13.4 below) by the RPC.
  22. Change of title of research project may be permitted, provided the RPC and the Guide of the candidate concerned recommend it. Such changes shall be generally allowed within one year of the registration; but under no circumstances it will be allowed after approval of Pre-synopsis presentation by the RPC. However, a minor change of title may be permitted any time during the tenure of research.

Types of Candidates for Research

  1. Full Time research scholars who will carry out their research full time on the campus. Normally each of the full time research scholars will receive a scholarship from the University Research Grant/UGC/ AICTE/A sponsoring Institute/Agency or a Teaching Assistantship from the institute/department to cover his living expenses and expenditure on his research work. 
  2. Part Time Internal Candidates (applicable to working faculty members in any of the constituent colleges/departments of SMU. 
  3. Part Time External Candidates, registering with the University, have to complete the mandatory residential and credit requirements as laid down and will be then permitted to continue their research work at their place of work if approved as a research institute by the University. They will make a presentation to the Research Committee/RPEC at the University/Constituent College through which they have registered, on the progress of their research work once every six months (At the end of each semester). 

Course work

On registration for Ph.D. all candidates will be required to undertake Course Work as part of the Programme. The credits requirement and duration of Course Work will be as under: 
  • Candidates with post graduate degree: 8 to 10 credits as specified by the RPEC, in six months.
  • Candidates with under graduate degree:  24 to 36 credits as specified by the RPEC, in one year. Date of registration for these candidates will be the date on which they complete the Course Work Credits. 
The subjects to be undertaken by the candidate to satisfy the credit requirement will be decided by the RPEC in consultation with the Research Guide. The course work may include subjects/courses and seminars. Research Methodology will generally be one of the subjects specified. 

Important Dates

Date of Entrance Examination 23 November 2014, Time 10 AM to 1 PM

Fee Structure

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Fee Structure
Sl. No. Category Registration Fee Annual Fee
1. SMU Employees Rs. 5,000.00 Rs. 15,000.00
 2. Other/General Category  Rs. 10,000.00  Rs. 20,000.00
 3. NRI/Foreign USD 500.00   USD 1,000.00

  1. Registration Fee is onetime (non refundable) payable at the time of registration.
  2. In addition to the above fees the amount of Rs. 10,000/= as Examination Fee must be remitted at the time of thesis submission.

Admission Procedure

 Research Programme at the University will be controlled by the Vice Chancellor through the following committees:
(a) University Research Committee. 
(b) Research Protocol Evaluation Committee (RPEC) at each Department/Constituent College. 
(c) A Research Progress Committee (RPC) for each research candidate. 
(d) A Board for Examination for Ph.D. (Defense Committee) for each candidate. 
Admission to Ph.D. Programme will be confirmed after the candidate passing the University Ph.D. Entrance Examination or on submitting a valid UGC/CSIR(JRF)/GATE/SLET  Examination score card/ M.Phil qualified. The University will conduct Ph.D. Entrance Examination twice a year.